Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Brief on Saakshar Bharat Essay - 3251 Words

Brief on Saakshar Bharat 1. SAAKSHAR BHARAT Saakshar Bharat, the revised version of National Literacy Mission, was formally launched by Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh on 8th September, 2009, the International Literacy Day, but it came into implementation with effect from 1st October, 2009. The programme aims to further promote and strengthen Adult Education, specially of women, by extending educational options to those adults who having lost the opportunity of access to formal education and crossed the standard age for receiving such education, now feel a need for learning of any type, including, literacy, basic education (equivalency to formal education), vocational education (skill development), physical and emotional†¦show more content†¦Functional Literacy Programme Programme Objectives: Literacy Programme (LP) aims at achieving the first objective of the scheme, that is, two Impart functional literacy to non-literate adults. Functional literacy, in context of the programme, implies achieving self-reliance in Reading, Writing, Arithmetic (Numeracy) and becoming aware of the causes of one’s deprivation and moving towards amelioration of their condition through organization and participation in the process of development; Acquiring skills to improve the economic status and general well being; Creating an aware and responsible citizenry (Imbibing values of national integration, communal harmony, conservation of the environment, women’s equality, and reproductive behavior etc.). Literacy Programme Framework: The programme entails identification of non-literates through a survey, area wise mapping of their learning needs and imparting them instructor based teaching of about 300 hours spread over 3 months or beyond, depending on motivat ion of the learner and local conditions. Successful completion of the 300 hours of instructional learning would enable the learner to read and comprehend unknown text (news paper headings, road

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Death Of A Man - 2071 Words

Two Weeks Later For the larger part of a century Bucky was a chest piece, prostituted into bidding for a larger scope. He was handled as a weapon. He was comparative to a firearm, utilized, cleaned when necessary, returning to his place in the isolation of a cabinet. His adjustment to humane treatment was just a mere bit of the rubble. His third week, a barista had bid him a nice day, he spent the next expanse of time weeping, unacquainted with the subtlest of empathy. He detested the shudder of unaccustomed fervor that seized his body when Steve touched him, Steve withdrawing his hand immediately. He wanted so badly to be touched, to be greeted, to be spoken to without the motive of brutal instruction. Steve tried to provide, seemingly†¦show more content†¦Bucky’s brow threads together in a cross stitch of confusion. Steve reiterates his question, more softly, though it’s unnecessary. â€Å"Why?† The expression of certainty Steve carries suggests he follows a path of logic Bucky doesn’t. Steve’s response catches in his throat, his wide blues matching his, almost winterless, counter’s. â€Å"We were apart for so long, I, I thought maybe you could teach me something about you from those years.† He casts a downwards glance towards Bucky’s legs, splayed across the couch, socked feet grazing Steve’s thigh. The slight contact directs a pleasant ambience through Bucky. â€Å"And since I don’t need combat training†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Steve s tone acquires a grin. â€Å"Modest.† Bucky nudges Steve’s leg amusingly, his smart remark is reminiscent of a Brooklyn boy and his witty insertions. That spark of the man Steve is vastly familiar with tugs his lips upwards, that man hasn’t entirely dissipated. Though, Bucky considers the proposition. The way Steve introduced the idea is immensely thoughtful, loving, fitting with Steve’s character. He gazes upwards at the stoic profile of the blond, youthful in a deceiving way. â€Å"Only if you want to.† Steve is bashful, tugging at the cotton of his sweats in attempt to busy himself. Steve thinks he should retract his proposal, recovery had been progressing, today a particularly good day. Bucky had slept easily into the late hours of the morning, before busyingShow MoreRelatedThe Death Of A Man Essay993 Words   |  4 Pagesanswer: Of course you fear...all brave men do. Didn t King David know fear? That s why he wrote the 23rd Psalm. Next time you doubt yourself, I want you to hear my voice reciting to you: Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I shall fear no evil, for Thou art with me. And he had remembered; he had heard her imagined voice, and it had renewed his strength and skill. He was going to hear her voice now. Four minutes to six. A girl passed closer to him, and Lt. BlandfordRead MoreThe Death Of A Man1017 Words   |  5 Pagesthe incredible protectors, protestors, activists, attorneys and organizers sacrificing to be heard. I write for the educated souls deprived of the taste of worthy jobs. I speak with words, the silent prayers of a father who just buried his son after death befell on him because another drunk, unstable boy in his twenties easily escaped a heinous crime when he chose to run over the happiness of his parents, the support system of his father in his old age and the future of the boy himself. I speak withRead MoreThe Death Of A Man2006 Words   |  9 PagesHe Who Goes Unknown It was a dark, cold morning, around two or three, when a piercing scream was heard from within a woods. It was the scream of a man, and it would be the last sound he ever made before his very unfortunate death. The man would never be seen again by anyone who tried to search, unless they were smart enough to search for every tiny clue left behind. It was now six in the morning when the sun shined through Arthur’s window. His phone rang, which caused him to wake. He blindlyRead MoreThe Death Of A Man1166 Words   |  5 PagesRotwang, his heart streaming over. He stretched out his hands. â€Å"Come to me, my Hel. How long, how long I had to live without you.† But she did not come. She started back from him. Her face full of horror, she started back from him. â€Å"Hel,† begged the man, â€Å"why are you afraid of me? I am no ghost, although I am dead. I had to die, to come to you. I have always, always longed for you. You have no right to leave me alone now. I want your hands. Give them to me.† But his groping fingers snatched into spaceRead MoreThe Death Of A Man1174 Words   |  5 Pagesbecause of the precarious security situation, the prevalence of favoritism, the lack of accountability and punishment, the prevalence of corruption and the random spread of weapons as well as the popularity of the idea that weapons are what make a man... ISIS, the refugees, and the fear of cases of random shooting is going to occur is what leads, most of the Lebanese to as they describe it, to sleep better with a gun in the house. In addition, the fact that licenses are being handed out randomlyRead MoreThe Death Of A Man1058 Words   |  5 Pageshas been kindled, and a man who has come to extinguish the fire has lifted up his eyes to the property of the owner of the house, and has taken the property of the owner of the house, that man shall be thrown into that fire.(25). Drowning was another punishment, if a man s wife be surprised (in flagrante delicto) with another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but the husband may pardon his wife and the king his slaves.† (129). Today, we see burning and drowning to be unreasonableRead MoreDeath Of A Sales Man995 Words   |  4 Pages Every classical tragedy has the same attribute yet they’re all played differently. â€Å"Oedipus the King† was very straight forward while others like â€Å"Death of a sales man† is more complex. I believe that â€Å"Death of a Sales man† is a classical tragedy. I don’t just believe that because Willy Loman fits he model of a tragic protagonist but because the ending ends as a classical tragedy. Willy Loman is in fact a tragic protagonist. He was not literally high-born but he does hold power over his familyRead MoreThe Death Of A Free Man1454 Words   |  6 Pagesburning of the sun on [his] forehead† (Camus 67). In this scene, he got irritated and angry when he was forced to believe that there was meaning in life. He does not want anything that is going to disturb his state and â€Å"thoughts...of a free man† (Camus 76). As a free man, the only thing that matters is living life detached from the world because this ensures that he would not have to deal with the irrationality of things. Just like what Sprintzen argued on his article â€Å"The Stranger†, Meursault â€Å"does notRead MoreThe Death Of A Black Man1360 Words   |  6 Pagesgood idea for him to fly. â€Å"No,† the man said angrily â€Å"You cannot possibly understand.† â€Å"Than perhaps you might inform me.† The man turned away from her. She could hear him muttering under his breath, â€Å"People. Always thinking that an old man has outlived his problems. If only I was so lucky.† The woman did not like being spoken to in such a manor. After all, she was only trying to help. Was that such a crime? The plane began to roll away from the gate and the man began to shake. â€Å"No, no, no,† he sobbedRead MoreThe Death Penalty And The Black Man1624 Words   |  7 Pageswomen, a white man, and a white man. Now just looking at the race and gender, which of these would you expect to get either the death penalty or life in prison? You might think, women could get life in prison, possibly with a chance for parole, and the white man could get the death penalty, and the black man, life in prison. That’s what’s seen on the outside but if you dig further, you would be wrong. For instance take, Kimberly McCarthy a black women out of Texas, was sentenced to death after killing

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Enter the Void Film Review Free Essays

Enter If You Must A testament of cinematic genius, a daring and psychedelic composition, an adventure through reality and the afterlife: Enter the Void is unlike any movie one has seen or probably will see in the future. Written and directed by the Frenchman Gaspar Noe, Enter the Void is a complex film that constantly experiments with the director’s unique visual style. Enter the Void follows the tragic story of a young American drug dealer, Oscar, as he struggles to survive in the neon-lit and chaotic streets of Tokyo. We will write a custom essay sample on Enter the Void Film Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now Early in the film, Oscar is shot and killed in a drug bust gone wrong. The rest of the film is captured from the perspective of Oscar’s spirit, as he revisits important moments of his past and watches over his loved ones. Enter the Void challenges all theories about life and death, explores the world of drugs and sex, and reaffirms the true value of a brother and sister relationship. However, what makes Enter the Void especially distinct is that the camera only shoots through the first-person perspective of Oscar, as we watch everything through his eyes. Noe’s commitment to presenting the whole film through Oscar’s perspective dates back to films such as Robert Montgomery’s Lady in the Lake. Noe is able to effectively bring the audience into Oscar’s conscience with this camera technique, and the detail makes the film all a more fascinating experience. Throughout the film, Noe consciously alters the POV-style of the camera to represent different stages of the character’s life. When Oscar is alive, the camera is strictly through his viewpoint, and we are reminded he is alive from his eyes blinking on the screen. This POV-style allows us to get to know Oscar on a very personal level, as his every action and thoughts are always seen by the audience from a perspective they are used to seeing their own life from. When Oscar dies, Noe changes the camera to an over-the-shoulder shot, and all we can see is the back of Oscar’s head. This POV-style allows the audience to revisit moments of Oscar’s past from a different perspective, one that is uninviting, but it also allows the audience to finally be able to care for a character who they can see visibly. Eventually, Noe removes Oscar’s silhouette from view, and the camera hovers like a ghost over Tokyo in a fantastic out-of-body visual display. The swooping and soaring camerawork perfectly transcribes the feeling of Oscar’s spirit flying through the luorescent lights and towering skyscrapers on the Tokyo skyline. There is a dreamlike quality to this camera view, and Noe masterfully mesmerizes the audience with a psychedelic display of colors, lights, and movement. The different POV-styles of the camera are definitely an important tool that constantly reminds the audience what stage they are following Oscar in: Life, dea th, or in his memories. Without a doubt, Enter the Void courageously experiments with camera perspective, and Noe is able to create an exciting visual experience for the audience, while telling his story in a non-traditional manner. Enter the Void is not only remarkable for its daring first-person perspective camera work, but Gaspar Noe’s brilliant use of computer-generated imagery allows him to visually synthesize the sex, drugs, and violence of this film, into a complex masterpiece. Noe is able to create a visual beauty and sense of spirituality through the help of computer-generated imagery, even allowing the audience to share Oscar’s experience hallucinating after smoking DMT. Noe experimented with hallucinogens in his youth, and his experiences had a profound influence on the visuals in Enter the Void. He would often reference paintings, photographs, music videos, and other films in order to describe his psychedelic experiences to his design team. As Oscar starts his trip, the screen transforms into a collage of brightly lit shapes and colors. The elaborate designs and images incorporate the audience into Oscar’s character, a lost and troubled youth, and we experience his thoughts and viewpoint first hand. Noe experiments with a new language of film, as the various textures and morphing images he uses are essential in achieving a 3D feeling without any glasses. Noe constantly breaks from the typical conventions of film, as he simultaneously combines experimental visuals with obscure POV-styles. When filming the camera shots hovering over Tokyo, Noe combined studio scenes, helicopter shots, and computer-generated imagery into one so the audience could not tell them apart. The dreamlike world of Enter the Void was achieved by accentuating the neon lights, reflections, and dark areas of Tokyo. Noe even experimented with motion blur, chromatic aberration, and focus effects to create the mysterious flickers that add to Tokyo’s sleazy psychedelic environment at night. Noe’s visuals and unique storytelling methods definitely show similarities to his favorite film, 2001: A Space Odyssey. The light corridor scene in 2001: A Space Odyssey clearly influenced Gaspar Noe, as Noe re-creates the same feelings of amazement and mystery that come from special effects, camera movement, and lighting. Noe’s work has also been compared to Austrian filmmaker Michael Haneke, as they both have created experimental works that distort the formal elements of film, often in a frustrating, cruel, and provocative way. Enter the Void is effectively able to draw the audience into the film through personal relationships with the characters, but it is the film’s fascinating use of visuals and CGI that makes it hold meaning with the audience on a spiritually mesmerizing level. Overall, Enter the Void is a phenomenal work that recognizes the experimental side of film, as it combines an unconventional plot, daring POV-styles, and outstanding computer-generated imagery. Gaspar Noe masterfully combines digital effects with unique cinematic techniques, and as a result Enter the Void is a mind-altering experience that constantly challenges our theories on life, death, and the spiritual. Noe breaks away from the usual conventions of film, and this gives him the freedom to embrace his creativity, and follow his true passions. Enter the Void will surely take one on a captivating journey through hell and back, but more importantly it will open one’s eyes to how a director can expand the possibilities of film. How to cite Enter the Void Film Review, Papers

Friday, May 1, 2020

A range of emotions Essay Example For Students

A range of emotions Essay In chapter five Frankenstein goes thought a range of emotions. He is confused because he thought that the monster would have been beautiful and I was ugly; he is also disgusted at what he had created. Frankenstein also panics at the thought of what he has done and regrets creating life. In the morning he goes to see his friend Clerval and is happy when he comes home to find that the monster is not there and he is very excited about it; but he becomes ill and delirious. Another was she builds up tension is when she uses contrast in the chapter there are many different contrasts. There is a vast amount of emotion within Frankenstein these emotions are Joy, terror, and revulsions. Also there is horror contrast of Frankenstein intending that the monster is going to be beautiful but it results in ugliness. There is a contrast of pace sometimes in the chapter it is fast when he is describing the monster this is when he panics and is worried; sometimes it is slow when he Frankenstein is calm. The last part in contrast im going to talk bout is the contrast of colour black and white for example The lustrous black hair and pearly white teeth. Mary Shelley uses a range of language and she builds up the horror using adjectives, she uses the word dreary to describe the scene. Mary also uses a lot of repetitive words; the word yellow comes up a lot; for example yellow skin, yellow eyes and the yellow light. Another part of the language is sentence length a long sentence is for example His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath, his hair was a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips. By contrasting Short sentences is Beautiful. and Great God. Mary Shelley uses great use of irony. There is sophoclean irony he wanted beauty and he gets ugliness. There is also dramatic irony he thinks the monster will be there when the monster returns but is not irony when he is terrified and worried for nothing. The author Mary Shelley makes use of allusion, she refers to the Ancient marine The poem starts with like one who on a lonely road the poem is a writer as a person called Coleridge Mary Shelley uses alliteration for example I struggled furiously and fell down in a fit; another one is change of colour There is also another one Such joy so strongly turned to bitterness. Moving on to the use of assonance an example of this is Infusing life into an inanimate body. Vigorous Verbs is the next one im going to talk about these or such as trembled, and rushed the last one is a present practical. Mary Shelley users articulate words these words include lassitude, Florins and unwearied Next I wish to explore is archaic sentence structures one of these are Presently a breeze dissipated the cloud and I descended upon the glacier Finally marry Shelley leaves us with a lot of unanswered questions; this is a use of a cliff-hanger one of these questions is Were is the monster? In my conclusion I feel that Mary Shelley had created great tension is chapter five mainly thought archaic sentence structures.

Saturday, March 21, 2020

The Fed And Interest Rates Essays (1094 words) - Monetary Policy

The Fed and Interest Rates Dave Pettit of The Wall Street Journal writes a daily column that appears inside the first page of the journal's Money & Investment section. If the headlines of Mr. Pettit's daily column are any accurate record of economic concerns and current issues in the business world, the late weeks of March and the early weeks of April in 1994 were intensely concerned with interest rates. To quote, "Industrials Edge Up 4.32 Points Amid Caution on Interest Rates," and "Industrials Track On 13.53 Points Despite Interest-Rate Concerns." Why such a concern with interest rates? A week before, in the last week of March, the Fed had pushed up the short-term rates. This being the first increase in almost five years, it caused quite a stir. When the Fed decides the economy is growing at too quick a pace, or inflation is getting out of hand, it can take actions to slow spending and decrease the money supply. This corresponding with the money equation MV = PY, by lowering both M and V, P and Y can stabilize if they are increasing too rapidly. The Fed does this by selling securities on the open market. This, in turn, reduces bank's reserves and forces the interest rate to rise so the banks can afford to make loans. People seeing these rises in rates will tend to sell their low interest assets, in order to acquire additional money, they tend move toward higher yielding accounts, also further increasing the rate. Soon this small change by the Fed affects all aspects of business, from the price level to interest rates on credit cards. Rises and falls in the interest rate can reflect many changes in an economy. When the economy is in a recession and needs a type of stimulus package, the Fed may attempt to decrease the interest rates to encourage growth and spending in the markets. This was the case from 1989 until last month, during which the nation's economy was generally considered to be in a slight to moderate recession. During this period the Fed tried to keep interest rates low to facilitate growth and spending in hard times. However, when inflation is increasing too quickly and the economy is gaining strength, the Fed will attempt to raise rates, as it did late last March. This can be considered a sign that we are pulling out of the recession, or atleast it seems the Fed feels the recession of the early nineties is ending. Directly after the Fed's actions, the stock market was a mess. The Dow took huge dips, falling as much as 50 points a day. Although no one knows exactly what influences the market, the increase in interest rates played a major role in this craziness. Mr. Pettit's column on March 25th highlights, "Industrials Slide 48.37," Mr. Pettit attributes a large portion of the market's "tailspin" at this time to, "Rising interest rates at home." It is certainly no coincidence that these two events happened at the same time. Alan Greenspan, the current chairman of the Fed comes under great attack and praise with every move the Fed makes. He is, in a sense, the embodiment of the Fed. He has been in charge of the Fed since 1987. Some economists blame him for the recession of the early nineties. His influence on the interest rates as chairman of the Fed is monumental. It is his combined job as the Fed to steer the economy in a balanced manner that does not yield too much to inflation and to keep growth steady. Predictably, most economists are back seat drivers when it comes to watching the actions of Allen Greenspan, and they tend to feel they could much more successfully manage the economy than he. Many also agree with his tactics, so it is a two way street on which the chairman is forced to drive. It seems that not only the analysts are in disagreement of how the fed should operate, but interestingly enough, the internal policy makers seem to also disagree on what stance the Fed should take. Some of the internal policy makers are interested in making a more substantial increase now, while others opt for a more conservative approach, where the market can be tested for both good and bad influences from the rate increases. Allen Greenspan is one of this more conservative group, and it is he is critisized by some for the irradic behavior in the stock market as of late. The equilibrium that the Fed

Thursday, March 5, 2020

Police, Policy, and Politics

Police, Policy, and Politics Police, Policy, and Politics Police, Policy, and Politics By Mark Nichol Are police and policy related? Not only are they cognates, but they used to mean the same thing- and politics is descended from the same word as well. That word is polis, the Greek term for a city as well as for the concept of the city-state and the body of citizens who constituted that state. This word became the basis for a number of compounds, including acropolis, which means â€Å"upper city† but refers to the fortified heights of a city. (The prefix acro- is also seen in such words as acrobat, which literally means â€Å"high dancer,† and acrophobia, which pertains to a fear of heights.) Acropoles in ancient Greece were generally located the first inhabited part of a settlement (chosen for its defensive properties and therefore the location of the community’s citadel); the Acropolis of Athens is the exemplar of such locations. Another term is metropolis (literally, â€Å"mother city†), originally denoting the capital or principal city of a province but now used to describe any major city. The adjective metropolitan describes the characteristics of a city, often including its underground railway system, which is sometimes abbreviated to metro, but the word also serves as a noun for a Greek Orthodox bishop who oversees other bishops and for the see, or seat, of his administration. Megalopolis, featuring the prefix mega-, meaning â€Å"great,† is the name of an actual city in Greece but also refers generically to an especially large city or a cluster of cities- technically, one with more than ten million people. (A related adjective is cosmopolitan, which stems from the noun cosmopolite, a rare term meaning â€Å"citizen of the word†; the equally unusual word cosmopolis describes a sophisticated city. Meanwhile, a necropolis- the prefix means â€Å"dead†- is a large cemetery.) Greek names for other ancient cities, such as Constantinople/Istanbul (â€Å"Constantine’s city†/â€Å"to the city†) and Persepolis (â€Å"city of the Persians†), include the word; several modern cities, including the American municipalities of Annapolis, Indianapolis, and Minneapolis, follow this tradition. Originally, police, like policy, referred to civil administration (both come from the intermediate Latin noun politia), but by the early 1700s, it came to apply specifically to law enforcement, and within about a century that was its only sense. Enforcers soon came to be called police, as well as policemen (later, policewomen was adopted for female officers, and the neutral term â€Å"police officer† now prevails for all personnel), and the word also became a verb describing the action of law enforcement or the keeping of order in general. (Later, policier came to describe a novel, film, or television program dealing with the solving of crimes.) The two meanings of policy apparently come from different sources. The sense of â€Å"approach† or â€Å"way of management† derives from polis, but the word for an insurance contract may stem from the Latin word apodexis, meaning â€Å"proof.† However, politics, politician, and other such words pertaining to public affairs also derive from polis. An interesting divergence occurred with political and politic, which both originated as adjectives meaning â€Å"pertaining to public affairs†; the latter word acquired the additional sense of â€Å"prudent† and rarely applies to politics anymore, though the verb form, and the noun form politicking, do. (The k was added to the latter word, as it is to picnicking and a few other words, to clarify that the consonant sound before -ing is hard.) Polite and its derivatives impolite and politesse are unrelated, stemming not from polis but from polire, a Latin verb meaning â€Å"polish† (and the source of polish as well) or â€Å"smooth.† Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:100 Idioms About Numbers"Owing to" vs "Due to"Careful with Words Used as Noun and Verb

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region Essay

Climate Anomalies for a Particular Region - Essay Example The waves are disturbed by two forcing, namely, Orographic forcing and Thermal forcing. Orographic forcing, more relevant in northern hemisphere owing to dominating surface topography with Rocky Mountain and Tibetan plateau, relates to planetary waves generated due to the compression and expansion of air columns, leading to vortex stretching which can be balanced by the vorticity advection (Dickinson, 1978). Thermal forcing, varying with seasonal change in thermal effect, relates to generation of planetary waves by the adiabatic heating and cooling due to rising and sinking air motions; this maybe balanced by temperature advection (Ashe, 1987). In the subsequent paragraphs we shall examine climate anomalies for a particular region in the context of the large scale hemispheric wave pattern with a multiple objective to firstly, convert temperature and precipitation data, obtained from the Plymouth University Portal, into appropriate graphs, secondly, discuss and compare the seasons wit h reference to the hemispheric flow and lastly, discuss the possible reason for the variation in the temperature and precipitation on temporal and spatial scales. Examination of the climate anomalies involved collection of temperature and precipitati... This was followed by statistical analysis of the data which included determination of mean temperature and standard deviation for the four regions. The monthly hemispheric charts were plotted with the help of NOAA's Climate Diagnostics Centre following the link, http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/cdc/dtat.ncep.reanalysis.derived.html. Following steps are required for obtaining the plot:- When the above link opens Click on 'Pressure level Data'. The page automatically moves down. Now click on the 'Geo-potential height'. This should open a new page, scroll down and Click on 'make plot (Monthly Mean)'. To improve the chart quality, adhere to following details:- Select latitude between 20 and 90N, Select 500 mb and Select suitable dates (from, to). Now, select 'Plot' on white background, Polar stereographic and Remove Colour Plot. Finally click on Create Plot. Figure 1: Map of Europe, Source: Praxis network, 2007 The results were obtained place-wise, for four different regions, for summer and winter seasons. All graphs show the average monthly temperature or precipitation during a season. The data has been taken from the following regions (also marked in Figure 1 above):- Station Elevation (m) Latitude Longitude Toulouse 152 43.60 N 1.40 E Edinburgh 41 55.95 N 3.35 W Alborg 13 57.10 N 9.87 E Helsinki 53 60.30 N 25.00 E Table 1: Region Coordinates Final Results Figure 2: shows the average summer temperature for the period 1951-1991 for all stations Toulouse The average summer temperature graph shows the average maximum temperatures recorded in Toulouse from 1951 to 1991. The highest average temperature of 21.9 C was recorded in Toulouse in the summer of 1990 while lowest